This course may be delivered in a classroom or online format. Topics include: the creation and function of the Mishna and Talmud, the era of the Geonim, the formation of Sefardi and Ashkenazi Jewry, the Golden Age of Spain, the Halachic Codification of Talmudic law, the Crusades, Peshat versus Drash and Rationalist versus Non-Rationalist approaches, Expulsions of the 14th and 15th century, Maimonidean controversy, Lurianic Kabbalist thought, commentators on the Shulchan Aruch, false Messiahs and their effect on the modern Jewish world, Reform and Enlightenment, the philosophy of Rav S.R. Hirsch, the emergence of Chassidut, Haskala, the Yeshiva and Mussar movements, Zionism, etc. Methods of instruction include lecture and discussion. Prerequisite: Introdction to Jewish History.