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National College Credit Recommendation Service

Board of Regents  |  University of the State of New York

Smarter Degree | Evaluated Learning Experience

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Judicial Process (CRJ 340)


Self-study, self-paced.

Various; distance learning format.

December 2023 - Present. 

Instructional delivery format: 
Online/distance learning
Hybrid course/exam
Proficiency exam
Learner Outcomes: 

Upon successful completion of the course, students will be able to: demonstrate a comprehensive understanding of the historical development of different types of American law and their impact on the current legal landscape; analyze the structure and organization of both state and national court systems, including their jurisdiction, functions, and hierarchical relationships; evaluate the fundamental processes involved in trials and appeals, including pretrial procedures, courtroom proceedings, and post - conviction remedies; analyze the rules of evidence used in civil and criminal trial courts, including their foundation, admissibility, and application in the courtroom; examine the legal profession, including the selection process for judges and the various factors that influence appointments to the bench; evaluate the historical development of the U.S. Supreme Court, including its role as the highest court in the land and the procedures and practices employed by the Court in deciding cases; and analyze the fundamental role that the criminal justice system plays in modern societies and connect it to the importance of courts in maintaining order and imposing justice.


Major topics include the intricate workings of the American courts and the dynamic system that upholds justice and safeguards individual rights. The course provides an in-depth exploration of the American courts and their pivotal role in the criminal justice system today. It offers a comprehensive overview of the structures, processes, and challenges faced by the judiciary in carrying out its essential functions.

Credit recommendation: 

In the upper division baccalaureate degree category, 3 semester hours in Criminal Justice, Emergency Management, Homeland Security, or Political Science (3/24).