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National College Credit Recommendation Service

Board of Regents  |  University of the State of New York

Center for Academic and Religious Excellence (C.A.R.E.) | Evaluated Learning Experience

PHL 302 Laws of Slander and Defamation I and II

Formerly PHL 302 Laws of Slander and Defamation


Proficiency examination administered at the Center for Academic and Religious Excellence (C.A.R.E.) testing center or authorized proctor sites.

June 2015 - Present.

Instructional delivery format: 
Hybrid course/exam
Learner Outcomes: 

Upon successful completion of the examination, students will be able to demonstrate proficiency as follows: recognize speech that constitutes slander; differentiate between slander and gossip; respond to situational questions appropriately reflecting a clear understanding of what constitutes slander and gossip; discriminate between pieces of information that should and should not be communicated; and identify situations when it is necessary to ask direction of a Rabbinic authority.


In order to prepare for this examination, students study the following topics: the destructive power of slander and all its ramifications; details of the laws of slander; public versus private information; listening to slander; intimations of slander and their relevance; parameters of constructive purpose; laws of gossip; and laws and application of judging others favorably.

Credit recommendation: 

In the upper division baccalaureate degree category, 6 semester hours in Jewish Law, Judaic Studies, Jewish Philosophy, or Religious Studies (6/15) (4/21 revalidation).